Macrobrachium rosenbergii   (De Man, 1879)

Giant river prawn

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Macrobrachium rosenbergii  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Macrobrachium rosenbergii

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palaemonidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; freshwater; brackish; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 97531).  Tropical; 21°N - 18°S, 116°E - 151°E (Ref. 110598)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific: M. rosenbergii actually are two separate species; M. rosenbergii is distributed East of Huxley's Line from the Philippines (including Palawan), Lesser Sunda Islands, New Guinea and northern Australia and M. dacqueti ranges from Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka to the Asian mainland in southern China, Taiwan and up to Malaysia, Borneo and Java.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 34.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 104052); 26 cm TL (female)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Wild post larvae migrate to down-stream near to the sea to a higher elevation freshwater waters streams (Ref. 82055). The native range of Macrobrachium rosenbergii actually consists of two separate species differing in adult morphological features. The actual M. rosenbergii occurs in northern Australia, Papua New Guinea, eastern Indonesia (east of Huxley's line including Bali) and the Philippines (includes Palawan). The second species is discovered as M. dacqueti (Sunier, 1925) which is actually the species extensively commercially fished and cultured. This species occurs in Asian mainland from Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka and southern China and to the western border of Huxley's line excluding Palawan, up to Borneo and Java (Ref. 110598, 110593). Coastal freshwater and estuarine (Ref. 97531), found in a mangrove (Ref. 121467). Survival rate and growth high at 0-15 ppt (Ref. 111574).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

del Mundo, C.M. 2000. (Ref. 10)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Aquaculture: production, species profile; Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Aquaculture: species profile; Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 26.7 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 1400 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Very high.