Arctocephalus australis   (Zimmermann, 1783)

South American fur seal

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Arctocephalus australis  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Arctocephalus australis

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Carnivora | Otariidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Bathydemersal.  Subtropical; 0°N - 90°S, 180°W - 180°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: Arctocephalus australis gracilis: Peru, southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile (Ref. 1394, 1522); vagrant to Colombia and Juan Fernandez Islands (Ref. 1522); Arctocephalus australis australis: Falkland Islands (Ref. 1522). Tropical to temperate climates.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 190 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); 140 cm TL (female); max. published weight: 200.0 kg (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 200.0 kg

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits primarily coastal, continental shelf and slope waters; and there are records from more than 600 km offshore. Feeds on small schooling fish and invertebrates such as cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropods. Found primarily coastal, continental shelf and slope waters; there are records from more than 600 km offshore. Feeds on small schooling fish and invertebrates such as cephalopods, crustaceans and gastropods (Ref. 1394).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Pups are born in dense breeding colonies. Perinatal attendance averages one week, then mothers forage offshore several days at a time. Upon arrival from sea, mother and pup reunites using vocalization signals and olfactory cues, i.e., naso-nasal contact. Lactation lasts at least 12 months.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 28 January 2016

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us


More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.6 - 15.5, mean 9.2 (based on 1202 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Unknown.