Bivalvia | Ostreoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 5 m (Ref. 348). Tropical; 45°N - 42°S, 8°E - 133°W
Indo-Pacific and Eastern Atlantic. Introduced in the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 20.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 10.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Artisanal to industrial exploitation, from natural beds and by aquaculture (Ref. 348). Attached to rocks in the intertidal where it may form a distinct zone in the upper eulittoral (Ref. 801). Found in shallow subtidal levels and occurs in dense colonies (Ref. 101156). Also on the breathing roots and trunks of mangrove trees and on pier piles (Ref. 102838). Coexists with an assemblage of grazing gastropods (Ref. 101156). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.3 - 29.3, mean 28.2 (based on 3952 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)