Parastichopus regalis   (Cuvier, 1817)

Royale cucumber

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Parastichopus regalis  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos 
| All pictures | Google image |
Image of Parastichopus regalis (Royale cucumber)
Parastichopus regalis

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Holothuroidea | Synallactida | Stichopodidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 5 - 800 m (Ref. 93433), usually 100 - 299 m (Ref. 93433).  Subtropical; 56°N - 17°S, 83°W - 36°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Antilles to Gulf of Mexico, north to Ireland to Angola and east to Turkey.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 363)

Short description Morphology

Maximum size: 35 cm (Ref. 363); 30 cm (Ref. 358). Maximum width: 7 cm (Ref. 363). Body: depressed enough with a side fold 5 cm pink power station (Ref. 363); definitely flattened form; is provided with the ventral face with 3 lines with podia. Dorsal tegument: Roughcast wart outgrowths and appendices; the papillae, of big size and white color; being limited to the periphery. Variable coloring, of brown with nuance of yellow to red, the sides being constellated with maculae possible blanches.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum size: 35 cm (Ref. 363); 30 cm (Ref. 358). Methods: Captured by dredgers and trawls, this species is used in some countries of the zone (France, Spain where it is very appreciated in Catalonia). One needs additional information on the mode of Net use carrying of large papillae and separating the faces dorsal and ventral (Ref. 363). Abundant in the continental shelf (Refs. 93433, 122969); also found in the continental slope (Ref. 93433). Lives on rubble (Ref. 111335). Recorded from the upper sublittoral zone of Sidi Medjdoub, Mostaganem, Algeria. Abundant in depths of 150 to 200m with a constant water temperature of 13°C (Ref. 128655).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Ramón, M., J. Lleonart and E. Massutí. 2010. (Ref. 93433)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 May 2010

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FishSource |


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 13.1 - 15.5, mean 14.2 (based on 91 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (25 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Unknown.