Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 3 - 90 m (Ref. 4). Tropical; 26°N - 14°S, 64°E - 145°E (Ref. 107402)
Indo-West Pacific: from the coasts of Pakistan and India to Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Northwest Australia and the Gulf of Papua.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 10.5  range ? - ? cm Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)
It has lengths of 40 cm, maximum total body length; 20 to 25 cm, common length. Occurs at a depth range from 3 to 90 m, but usually less than 40 m (Ref. 4). It is found on muddy substrates and sometimes on rocky bottoms near river mouths in turbid water (Ref. 4). Lives mainly at river-influenced shelf in shallow, turbid water with moderate run-off (Ref. 105109). In general, palinurids are mainly considered carnivores, usually feeding upon sluggish, easily captured animals where most material is eaten alive or freshly killed (Ref. 105260). Individuals reared in captivity fed on a natural diet of gastropods, clams, crabs, squids and fish (Ref. 105110). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Major spawning occurs in January and September, minor peaks were observed in March and June, occasional spawning were observed in April, May, August and October to December, least spawning occurs in February and July (Ref. 106340).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production; | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 27 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 1460 cells).
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)