Panulirus polyphagus   (Herbst, 1793)

mud spiny lobster

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Panulirus polyphagus  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Panulirus polyphagus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Palinuridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; brackish; depth range 3 - 90 m (Ref. 4).  Tropical; 26°N - 14°S, 64°E - 145°E (Ref. 107402)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific: from the coasts of Pakistan and India to Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Northwest Australia and the Gulf of Papua.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 10.5  range ? - ? cm Max length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

It has lengths of 40 cm, maximum total body length; 20 to 25 cm, common length. Occurs at a depth range from 3 to 90 m, but usually less than 40 m (Ref. 4). It is found on muddy substrates and sometimes on rocky bottoms near river mouths in turbid water (Ref. 4). Lives mainly at river-influenced shelf in shallow, turbid water with moderate run-off (Ref. 105109). In general, palinurids are mainly considered carnivores, usually feeding upon sluggish, easily captured animals where most material is eaten alive or freshly killed (Ref. 105260). Individuals reared in captivity fed on a natural diet of gastropods, clams, crabs, squids and fish (Ref. 105110). Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833). Major spawning occurs in January and September, minor peaks were observed in March and June, occasional spawning were observed in April, May, August and October to December, least spawning occurs in February and July (Ref. 106340).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 December 2009

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Aquaculture: production; | FishSource | Sea Around Us

More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 27 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 1460 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Very high