Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848). Tropical; 36°N - 26°S, 95°E - 163°E (Ref. 848)
Indo-West Pacific: from Red Sea and eastern Africa, east to Solomon Islands, north to Japan, south to Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Formation: phaceloid (predominant in high latitudes and very shallow water) or plocoid. Corallites: short, sturdy, 10 to 15 mm across, often with multiple mouths. Poorly developed costae. Color: dull cream, gray, and green (Ref. 848).
Occurs in shallow reefs and subtropical rocky foreshores (Ref. 848).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Anthozoa are either gonochoric or hermaphroditic. Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end.
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 25.5 - 29.1, mean 28.3 (based on 850 cells).