Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 348). Tropical; 31°N - 33°S, 30°E - 137°W
Indo-Pacific: from East Africa, including Madagascar, the Red Sea, Persian Gulf and Andaman Sea, to eastern Polynesia; north to Japan and south to central Queensland and New Caledonia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 2.5  range ? - ? cm Max length : 11.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 6.5 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Average edible weight is at 9 g (Ref. 351). Maximum depth from Ref. 75831. Littoral and sublittoral to a depth of about 20 m (Ref. 345). Found in intertidal areas in sand (Ref 75831). Deeply buried in sand, often coarse to gravely bottoms (Ref. 345). In general, suspension feeding bivalves mainly depend on phytoplankton and detritus material for nutrition (Ref. 107088). Mass spawning occurs in late summer and larval stage is about 14 days (Ref. 351).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mass spawning occurs in late summer and larval stage is about 14 days (Ref. 351).
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 3504 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)