Holothuria tubulosa   Gmelin, 1788

Tubular sea cucumber

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Holothuria tubulosa  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos 
| All pictures | Google image |
Image of Holothuria tubulosa (Tubular sea cucumber)
Holothuria tubulosa

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Holothuroidea | Holothuriida | Holothuriidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 123 m (Ref. 85345).  Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea: Turkey and Algeria.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 363); max. published weight: 340.00 g (Ref. 363)

Short description Morphology

Maximum size: 25 cm (Ref. 358); approximately 30 cm. maximum width: 6 cm. Average weight: 340 g (Ref. 363). Body: with more or less round cross section; is provided with the ventral face with 3 lines with parapodes with suction cup. Tegument: comprises many papillae of sunk color, prolonged by a final silk of dark color; resistant in the majority of the cases and is very seldom thin. Variable coloring of the red with nuance of brown which some time draws on the purple one. The animal is deprived of tubes of Vat (Ref. 358).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum size: 25 cm (Ref. 358); approximately 30 cm (Ref. 363). Method: Captured with the hand, with dredgers and trawls basic, and probably used like food in some countries. Fisheries: Probably one of the species which Turkey exports in Japan (Ref. 363). Habitat: Sandy rich person funds muddy out of organic remains, or on hard substrates forks and spoons of plants. Present at all depths, the species is very common, even locally very abundant, but does not seem not represented in the sectors western and southern of the basin. Biology: the tubules sea cucumber nourishes various organic fragments, (charging) literally the elements of the ground in its oral opening, located at the back of the body, using its tentacles oral of flattened form. The animal sorts and introduces the edible organic substances, and rejects the elements not metabolize, particularly sand, in the form of lengthened excrements (Ref. 358). Habitat: Very common benthic species, approximately presents littoral zone up to 100 m of depth, on the rock funds covered with algae, the meadows of Posidonia and other Phanérogames, sand and the mud. It is said that it moves at the speed of one meter every 10 minutes. Very often shelter fish of the Carapus kind. Eviscerate easily when it is disturbed (Ref. 363). Occurs at the low tide mark.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

A migration towards surface waters occurs, especially at the end of the summer, at the end which the expenses are easily recognizable, since one sees them vertically drawing up the 2/3 of their body and expelling their gametes in the form of fine clouds in the surrounding medium (Ref. 358).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Göthel, H. 1992. (Ref. 358)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 August 2011

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FishSource |


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.1 - 20.9, mean 18.1 (based on 174 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.66).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Unknown.