Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 40 m (Ref. 848). Tropical; 36°N - 34°S, 26°E - 172°W (Ref. 848)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Colony: massive, hemispherical or columnar, often over 1 m across. Corallites: only slightly angular, with thick rounded walls. Septa: irregular length, tapering from the wall to the small columellae. Thick paliform lobes. Color: uniform cream or brown, sometimes with orange centers (Ref. 848).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
Veron, J.E.N. and G. Hodgson. 1989. (Ref. 8817)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 25.1 - 28.9, mean 27.7 (based on 320 cells).