Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 434). Subtropical, preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945); 74°N - 23°N, 16°W - 44°W
Northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 8.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 434)
Found in both marine and oligohaline waters (Ref. 95752). Also inhabits brackish lagoons (Ref. 2779). Found on fine sand or slightly muddy sand (Ref. 434); also over coarse sand (Ref. 96391). Juveniles are epifaunal on seagrass and bare sand flats (Ref. 106879). Mobile (Refs. 95752, 96470). Free-living (Ref. 3123). Able to occupy areas with high exposure and low salinity (Ref. 95730). Carnivorous (Refs. 95752, 96470). Feeds on small benthic organisms (small crustaceans, annelids and mollusks) and fishery discards (Ref. 434).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Fischer, W., G. Bianchi and W.B. Scott (eds.). 1981. (Ref. 434)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates based on models
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.09-0.11).
): 8.6 - 14, mean 10.5 (based on 410 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100).
Nutrients: Calcium = 109 [35, 184] mg/100g; Iron = 1.59 [1.21, 1.97] mg/100g; Protein = 20.2 [19.2, 21.3] %; Omega3 = 0.285 [0.185, 0.386] g/100g; Selenium = 48.3 [-31.7, 128.3] μg/100g; VitaminA = 0 μg/100g; Zinc = 1.79 [1.17, 2.40] mg/100g (wet weight).