Malacostraca | Decapoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 70 m (Ref. 8), usually ? - 27 m (Ref. 8). Tropical, preferred 26°C (Ref. 107945); 36°N - 32°S, 109°W - 34°W
Eastern Central Pacific, Western Atlantic and the Arctic: North Carolina to Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean to Brazil (Ref. 91956), and Mexico to Peru (Ref. 94212), Pacific South America. Tropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 1.0, range 1 - 1 cm Max length : 11.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8)
Minimum depth range from Ref. 97531. The synonym Xiphopeneus riveti has a reported maximum total length of 17 cm (Ref. 8). Found in muddy and sandy bottoms (Ref. 83922), mainly in marine areas (Ref. 118453) and is also observed to be abundant in river estuaries (Ref. 8) and near-shore waters (Ref. 118455). Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Decapoda are mostly gonochoric. Mating behavior: Precopulatory courtship ritual is common (through olfactory and tactile cues); usually indirect sperm transfer.
Holthuis, L.B. 1980. (Ref. 8)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.1 - 28, mean 25.6 (based on 434 cells).
Prior r = 0.88, 95% CL = 0.58 - 1.32, Based on 6 stock assessments.
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)