Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 348), usually 10 - 100 m (Ref. 75831). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: from East Africa, including Madagascar and the Persian Gulf, to the Philippines; north to Taiwan Province of China and south to Indonesia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 4.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Locally abundant (Ref. 348). Found in mud, sand, and shell hash (Ref. 75840).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.9 - 29.1, mean 28.1 (based on 2876 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).