Turbinaria conoides   (J. Agardh) Kützing

Sea bell

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Turbinaria conoides  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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drawing shows typical species in Sargassaceae.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Phaeophyceae | Fucales | Sargassaceae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Sessile; depth range 0 - 7 m (Ref. 102126).  Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indian Ocean: from Iran to Madagascar, including the Persian Gulf, Aldabra, Seychelles, Mauritius and Réunion, east to India and south to Indonesia including Laccadive and Andaman Islands; Pacific Ocean: from China to the South China Sea south to Queensland, Australia including Federated States of Micronesia, Solomon Islands and Fiji, east to the Samoan Archipelago.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology

Thalli erect, yellowish brown to dark brown in colour, attached by coarse branched holdfasts to rocky substrate, forming thick, huge colonies. Axes terete, muricate at the basal portion. Leaves are 6 to 12 mm long, consisting of a stalk, small vesicles and an expanded distal marginal blade outlined by coarse teeth; leaves triangular in outline or irregularly rounded in surface view; 3.5 to 9.0 mm across, sometimes deeply cut on one side, the cut often reaching the vesicle. Receptacular clusters 3 to 10 mm long, generally shorter and attached to the stalk of the leaves at 1/4 the distance from the main axis. This species is easily distinguished by its lax branched thalli, numerous branches, and small turbinate leaves with a length of about 1 cm or less. Thalli up to 1.5 m in height (Ref. 80758).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Used for human consumption, as fertilizer and insect repellant; contains minerals (Ca, K, Mg, Na, Cu, Fe, Zn); source of algin, tannins and phenols (Ref. 80758). Thrives mostly on sandy coralline bottoms on reef portions which are not exposed to excessive water turbulence; usually in shallow lagoons or tidepools in subtidal habitats protected from strong wave action (Ref. 80758).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Guiry, M.D. and G.M. Guiry. 2009. (Ref. 80701)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless (Ref. 80758)

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
| FishSource |


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | AlgaeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 3837 cells).