Demospongiae | Dictyoceratida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Massive-amorphous to globular. Black externally and tan internally. Surface smooth to the eye, but microconulose under the microscope. Conules : 0.02 cm high, 0.1 cm apart. Membrane-bearing oscula 0.5 - 1 cm dispersed irregularly over the sponge body. Compressible, easy to cut (Ref. 415).
Common on mangrove roots (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.4 - 28.3, mean 27.4 (based on 373 cells).