Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 3 - 5 m (Ref. 415). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.0 cm H male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Yellow tube bearing oscula: 1 - 6 cm high; 0.9 - 3 cm wide, coming out of dead coral, with or without tissue covered by inhalant papilla. Excavating sponges, bright yellow sometimes with reddish tinges externally, and lighter yellow internally. Surface micro hispid, and sinuous. High quantities of mucus released when broken (Ref. 415).
Depth based on the Caribbean from Ref. 415. Restricted to the lower buttress zone, fore reef, and fore reef slope of fringing barrier-type reefs at depths between 1.5 to 70 m (Ref. 892). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.5 - 28.3, mean 27.5 (based on 413 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)