Scyllarus arctus   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Small European locust lobster

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Scyllarus arctus  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Scyllarus arctus

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Malacostraca | Decapoda | Scyllaridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 0 - 444 m (Ref. 101469), usually 4 - 50 m (Ref. 4).  Subtropical; 52°N - 10°N, 33°W - 37°E (Ref. 4)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: Off Madeira, the Canary Islands and along the Atlantic coast of Morocco as far south as Agadir; the Azores, throughout the Mediterranean (but not in the Black Sea) and along the Atlantic coast of Europe to the English Channel.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 16.0 cm BL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4); common length : 10.0 cm BL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4)

Short description Morphology

Carapace with 3 distinct acute teeth in the median line before the cervical groove (the gastric, pregastric and rostral teeth). Region between the postrostral and branchial carinae with only a few tubercles, and with extensive smooth areas. Abdomen without a sharp median ridge, but each of somites 2 to 5 with an elongate lobulate figure in the middle. The exposed part of somites 2 to 5 with an arborescent arrangement of very narrow grooves. Somite 1 with a complete transverse groove, behind which there are numerous short longitudinal grooves that are rather irregular in shape, may divide and sometimes are interconnected by transverse grooves; this posterior half of somite 1 of equal length throughout its width, not longer in the middle that at the sides. The smooth anterior half of the abdominal somites 2 to 6 (i.e. the part of the somite that disappears under the previous somite when the abdomen is fully stretched) without any indication of grooves or rows of hairs. Fourth segment of antenna with a single oblique median carina. Outer margin of the segment with 2 teeth, the inner margin with 3 or 4 (not including the apical tooth). Thoracic sternum anteriorly V-shapedly incised in the middle. A blunt and low median tubercle on the last thoracic sternite; this tubercle somewhat flattened posteriorly. Dactyli of legs without fringes of hair. Color: Reddish brown with a dark brown pubescence; A dark brown, not sharply delimited spot in the center part of the abdominal somite 1; Segments of the pereiopods with a dark blue band each.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Subtidal (Ref. 105316). Rare in the intertidal (Ref. 104053). Occurs at a depth range from 4 to 50 m, on rocky or muddy substrates, and also in Posidonia prairies. Ovigerous females from February to April (Ref. 4). Found in artificial reefs where Posidonia meadows are being restored (Ref. 102863). Also occurs in offshore waters (Ref. 104053). Detritus feeder and omnivore (Ref. 107055).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Ovigerous females from February to April.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Holthuis, L.B. 1991. (Ref. 4)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 December 2009

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: minor commercial
| FishSource | Sea Around Us


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.4 - 21.4, mean 18.3 (based on 298 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Very high.