Demospongiae | Halichondrida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 2 - 28 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean wide.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thin to thick encrusting: 0.5 - 2 cm thick. Bright orange to yellowish orange, externally and internally. The surface is conulose; transparent with scattered and membranous oscules. The consistency is very soft and limp (Ref. 415).
Maximum thickness: 2 cm (Ref. 415). It is common on mangrove roots; peat banks; and on shallow reefs habitats (Ref. 415). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.6 - 28.3, mean 27.1 (based on 304 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)