Bivalvia | Veneroida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 105875). Tropical, preferred 15°C (Ref. 107945); 61°N - 13°N, 18°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean: from Norway to United Kingdom, France, Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Mauritania, and Senegal, including the Mediterranean, from Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Israel Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, and Algeria. Introduced in Azores Islands. Temperate to tropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. ); common length : 6.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 437)
Found in sheltered bays, estuaries and lagoons (Ref. 106936). Tends to bury itself in sand, muddy gravel, clay (Ref. 78574) or silty mud (Ref. 107087) and is found on the lower shore and shallow sublittoral (Ref. 78574). Feeds on phytoplankton and detritus (Ref. 107087). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(Aquaculture: production, fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 9.4 - 21.1, mean 18.1 (based on 876 cells).
Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100)