Hydrozoa | Anthoathecata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Pelagic; depth range 0 - 116 m (Ref. 120471). Polar
Indo-Pacific, Atlantic, Arctic and the Mediterranean. Mostly boreal, but also in subtropical and tropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.5 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 2992)
Bell height measures 4 mm; short manubrium on a gelatinous peduncle; developing medusa buds on outer walls of stomach, later occupied by developing gonads; 4 distinct lips on the mouth, each with a pair of separated nematocysts knobs; 4 radial canals and 8 tentacle bulbs, 3-5 tentacles on each bulb at the base of each radial canal and 1-3 tentacles on the alternate bulbs; tentacle bulbs and stomach vary from yellowish to reddish to brown coloration (Ref. 2376).
North-boreal species in the Atlantic and Pacific (Ref. 2376). Meroplanktonic (Ref. 120471). Species listed only in medusoid stage; very abundant in spring (Ref. 1663, p. 16, 52).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Species listed only in medusoid stage; very abundant in spring (Ref. 1663, p. 16, 52).
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)