Pyura chilensis   Molina, 1782

edible sea squirt

Native range
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Pyura chilensis  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Ascidiacea | Pleurogona | Pyuridae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Sessile; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 3435).  Temperate, preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 18°S - 55°S, 78°W - 58°W

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Southeast Pacific and Southwest Atlantic: from southern Peru to southern Chile and Argentina from Valdes Peninsula to Islas de los Estados and Falkland Islands. Subtropical and temperate.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101432)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs from the low intertidal down to the subtidal along the Chilean and Peruvian coast (Ref. 381 and 1135). Isolated individuals or forming patches of matrices of barrel-like individuals with hard outer tunic cemented together on the substratum (Ref. 382); Solitary; a sessile, filter-feeder (Ref. 1135). A digonic hermaphrodite with separate male and female gonads that free-spawn externally to fertilized gametes, which leads to the development of swimming tadpole larvae (Ref. 2264).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

A digonic hermaphrodite with separate male and female gonads that free-spawn externally to fertilized gametes, which leads to the development of swimming tadpole larvae (Ref. 2264).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Davis, A.R. 1995. (Ref. 381)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us

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More information

Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(fisheries: ; publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 5.9 - 16.5, mean 9.1 (based on 322 cells).
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Low