Ascidiacea | Pleurogona
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 3435). Temperate, preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 18°S - 55°S, 78°W - 58°W
Southeast Pacific, Southwest Atlantic, and Antarctic Atlantic: from southern Peru to southern Chile and Argentina from Valdes Peninsula to Islas de los Estados and Falkland Islands. Subtropical and temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 5.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 101432)
Occurs from the low intertidal down to the subtidal along the Chilean and Peruvian coast (Ref. 381 and 1135). Isolated individuals or forming patches of matrices of barrel-like individuals with hard outer tunic cemented together on the substratum (Ref. 382); Solitary; a sessile, filter-feeder (Ref. 1135).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
A digonic hermaphrodite with separate male and female gonads that free-spawn externally to fertilized gametes, which leads to the development of swimming tadpole larvae (Ref. 2264).
Davis, A.R. 1995. (Ref. 381)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 5.9 - 16.5, mean 9.1 (based on 322 cells).