Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish. Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: from India to Vanuatu; north to southern islands of Japan, and south to Queensland and New Caledonia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.5 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 7.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Widely collected as food in Asia (Ref. 348). Found in intertidal areas in mangrove mud (Ref. 75831, 85174). Also in fresh and brackish waters of mangrove swamps, estuaries, and larger rivers. Highly tolerant to surface desiccation of its habitat; can survive by aerial respiration at the posterior mantle margin for a period of a few days, and feed from subterranean water by means of water exchange through a narrow anterior gape of valves (Ref. 345). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)