Pocillopora damicornis   (Linnaeus, 1758)

Cauliflower coral

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Pocillopora damicornis  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pocillopora damicornis

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Anthozoa | Scleractinia | Pocilloporidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Reef-associated; depth range 0 - 26 m (Ref. 269), usually 1 - 15 m (Ref. 98471).  Tropical; 36°N - 35°S, 32°E - 10°E (Ref. 847)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-Pacific and Western Central Atlantic: East to Hawaii and Panama, south to Lord Howe Island, west to Red Sea, and north to Japan.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 30.0 cm DL male/unsexed; (Ref. 269)

Short description Morphology

Colonies: Ramose, covered with varrucae; corallites plocoid, less than 1 mm across, found both on varrucae and in between. Tendency of corallites to become cerioid near branch tips. Septa: poorly developed, in 2 cycles, may be reduced to a row to a row of spines. Peritheca: echinulate. Columella: Free. Thickness of branches may vary with exposure to water movement and depth. Colonies growing in shallow water or exposed to wave action: Have thick sturdy branches. Colonies from deep calm waters tend to have thin fragile branches. Color: Mottled brown in life.

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Fisheries: Used directly as construction material, to make lime, used to make concrete, and to sell as curios; Live coral collected for aquarium trade; no report of direct consumption as food (Ref. 269). Maximum depth from Ref. 83917. Can be found in shallow waters (Ref. 122680). Forms low, compact colonies; in mono-specific or multi-species reefs throughout its range from shallow depths until 20 m; common, relatively tolerant of sedimentation and low salinity as long as there is adequate water motion (Ref. 269). Also in mangrove swamps and wharf piles (Ref. 98471). Has variable (0-50%) bleaching level and low estimated mortality in Palau (Ref. 66144).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Reproduce by fragmentation and sexual reproduction (i.e., broadcast spawning) (Ref. 269).

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Hodgson, G. 1998. (Ref. 269)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 03 January 2008

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: of potential interest
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More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Hexacorallians of the World | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.7 - 29.2, mean 27.8 (based on 2460 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Unknown.