Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Others; brackish. Tropical
Pacific, Northeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94965)
Coastal shorebird. Feeds on mudflats with foraging rate influenced by tide levels. Migration route across the North Australian Basin to Indonesia; some continuing across the Bay of Bengal northward to breeding grounds (Ref. 87784). Outside of the breeding season, species is often found on intertidal mudflats, salt marshes, sandflats, beaches, bays and estuaries (Ref. 107886).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Brooke, M. de L., I. Hepburn and R.J. Travelyan. 2004. (Ref. 87921)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 5.1 - 29.1, mean 16.7 (based on 4003 cells).