Mammalia | Cetacea
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Pelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 75906). Temperate; 2°C - 16°C (Ref. 75906); 90°N - 0°S, 180°W - 180°E
Mediterranean and Black Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean and the Arctic: Phocoena phocoena phocoena: Baffin Island, Labrador, Newfoundland, Gulf of St. Lawrence, North Carolina, Greenland, Iceland, Faroes, Russia, Portugal, Baltic Sea [Baltic Sea population: IUCN 2010 (Ref. 84930): CR, C2a(ii).], Gulf of Finland, Gulf of Bosnia, British Isles, Tunisia, Spain, Morocco, Senegal, Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Bosporus (Turkey), UK, Sea of Marmara, Aegean Sea; Phocoena phocoena subsp.: Russia, Aleutian Islands (Alaska), Sea of Okhotsk, Japan, Bering Strait; Phocoena phocoena vomerina: Pribilof Islands, USA, Canada (Ref. 1522).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 145.0  range ? - ? cm Max length : 200 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1394); max. published weight: 70.0 kg (Ref. 1394)
Found in shallow water, most often nearshore, although they occasionally travel over deeper offshore waters (Ref. 1394). Uses echo-location for orientation and foraging by emitting high frequency click sounds (Ref. 96345). Feeds on a wide variety of fish and cephalopods; small, non-spiny schooling fish (such as herring and mackerel) (Ref. 1394).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Jefferson, T.A., S. Leatherwood and M.A. Webber. 1993. (Ref. 1394)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO(fisheries: production) | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 3.2 - 14.8, mean 9.7 (based on 1679 cells).
Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100)