Not assigned |
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 2 - 4 m (Ref. 2059). Subtropical
Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean. Temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2243)
Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2059, p. 252); to be replaced with better reference. Assumed maximum length from Ref. 2243. This species prefers clean, well-oxygenated sand, particularly with medium grain size, of shallow sublittoral areas. However, it is not uncommon in fine sand and in Amphioxus sand (Ref. 2243).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Todaro, M.A., M. Balsamo and P. Tongiorgi. 2002. (Ref. 2059)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Common namesSynonymsPredatorsReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 8.2 - 26.8, mean 18 (based on 1114 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)