Appendicularia | Copelata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Pelagic; depth range 0 - 200 m (Ref. 1134). Tropical; 3°C - 30°C (Ref. 1134)
Circumglobal except Antarctic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1610)
Marine, planktonic; found at depths up to 200 m, with waters temperatures of 3.2 to 29.5°C; rare in the open sea (Ref. 1134). Prefers neritic ambience (Ref. 3531). Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults.
Hopcroft, R.R., J.C. Roff and H.A. Bouman. 1998. (Ref. 378)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 6.5 - 25.9, mean 13.6 (based on 2008 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)