Cephalopoda | Octopoda
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 1 - 100 m (Ref. 83938). Tropical; 23°N - 16°N, 98°W - 86°W (Ref. 106952)
Western Central Atlantic: Endemic to Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 1.0  range ? - ? cm Max length : 130 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 275); max. published weight: 5.0 kg (Ref. 275)
Also caught by artificial lures and dipnets. Minimum depth from Ref. 110525. This is a benthic and subtidal species found in rocky and seagrass bottoms (Ref. 83938). Also inhabits empty coral shells (Ref. 275) and coral reefs (Ref. 96968).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Cephalopoda are gonochoric. Male and female adults usually die shortly after spawning and brooding, respectively. Mating behavior: Males perform various displays to attract potential females for copulation. During copulation, male grasp the female and inserts the hectocotylus into the female's mantle cavity where fertilization usually occurs. Life cycle: Embryos hatch into planktonic stage and live for some time before they grow larger and take up a benthic existence as adults.
Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney and C.E. Nauen. 1984. (Ref. 275)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.9 - 27.7, mean 26.5 (based on 80 cells).
Very high vulnerability (78 of 100)