Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Others; brackish. Tropical
Western Central Pacific and Western Indian Ocean: Palau and Iran. Tropical to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
In general, it occupies coastal habitats during winter, in muddy, rocky or sandy beaches, coral shores, exposed reefs, tidal mudflats, sandflats, mangrove swamps, tidal marshes and lagoons (Ref. 107909).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Engbring, J. 1983. (Ref. 102970)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.7 (based on 1678 cells).