Gastropoda | Cycloneritida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 109505). Tropical; 31°N - 37°S, 23°E - 128°W
Indo-Pacific: north to Japan, south to Australia and South Africa, west to East Africa and east to Pitcairn.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); common length : 3.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 349); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 8702)
This very common species is prized for food and for its attractive shell (Ref. 349). Depth range based on species' occurrence data in Taiwan (Ref. 109505); to be replaced with a better reference. Usually buried in sand during the day and emerging at night to graze on nearby rocks (Refs. 349, 799). Exclusively herbivorous and feeds on algae (Ref. 122680).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the order Neritopsina are mostly gonochoric and broadcast spawners. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktonic trocophore larvae and later into juvenile veligers before becoming fully grown adults.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 349)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 127697)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 24.3 - 29.3, mean 28.4 (based on 2814 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).