Neophocaena phocaenoides   (Cuvier, 1829)

Finless porpoise

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Neophocaena phocaenoides  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Neophocaena phocaenoides

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Mammalia | Cetartiodactyla | Phocoenidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Pelagic; anadromous (Ref. 75906); depth range 0 - 250 m (Ref. 356).  Tropical; 90°N - 7°S, 46°E - 130°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Indo-West Pacific and Asia Inland Waters: Neophocaena phocaenoides phocaenoides: Persian Gulf, South China Sea, East China Sea, Indonesia, Philippines, Turtle Islands, Sulu Sea; Neophocaena phocaenoides sunameri: China, Korea, Japan, East China Sea; Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis: Yangtze River, China (Ref. 1522). Found in tropical to warm temperate coastal waters (Ref. 81021).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 140.0, range 135 - 145 cm Max length : 227 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81030)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in both fresh and marine. Feeds on small fishes, squids and shrimps; also ingests some plant material including leaves and rice (Ref. 1394). In 2006, a population survey was able to record a total of 300 individuals of Neophocaena phocaenoides asiaeorientalis, as experts provide an estimate of 1,400 individuals based on the said survey. This is considered a 50% decline from the survey done in 1991 (Ref. 85336). Found in tropical to warm temperate coastal waters, i.e., shallow bays, mangrove swamps, estuaries and large rivers, but mainly prefers estuarine waters (Ref. 81021). Occurs singly, in pairs, or in small groups of up to 12 individuals. Not as showy as other dolphins; though, they are occasionally seen breaking the surface in calm seas (Ref. 801). Feeds on small fishes, squids and shrimps; also ingests some plant materials including leaves and rice (Ref. 1394).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Tan, J.M.L. 1995. (Ref. 936)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Vulnerable (VU) (A2cde+3cde+4cde); Date assessed: 10 August 2017

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Threat to humans

Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO - Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us


More information

Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Fisheries: species profile; publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 24.4 - 29.2, mean 28.3 (based on 1892 cells).
Resilience (Ref. 69278): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.71-0.74; tm=5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Unknown.