Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; brackish; depth range 0 - 100 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean wide.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.0 cm BRW male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Ramose, branching species. Branches: 1 - 2 cm diameter; more than 20 cm high. Hard and fragile in consistency. Smooth surface, with oscules: 0.2 - 0.5 cm regularly distributed (Ref. 415).
On reef, seagrass beds, sand flats habitats (Ref. 415), and mangroves (Ref. 86836). Hosts alpheid shrimps in its canals (Ref. 86626). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.8 - 28, mean 26.4 (based on 188 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)