Neopetrosia proxima   (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)


Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Neopetrosia proxima  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Demospongiae | Haplosclerida | Petrosiidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Sessile; brackish.  Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Western Atlantic.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)

Short description Morphology

Thick crusts: 1 - 4 cm in thickness, or sprawling masses with lobes. Color red-brown to pink externally and tan to yellowish internally. Oscules: 0.3 - 1 cm in diameter. Smooth surface, sometimes with zoanthids. Hard and fragile in consistency (Ref. 415). Porous surface, rugged with narrow conical to flattened protuberances. Dark greenish brown exteriorly, cream interior. Adhesive mucus exudate when animal is cut and touched. Flush oscules slightly elevated (Ref. 85482).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum body thickness: 4 cm (Ref. 415). Common on sand and hard bottoms (Ref. 85482) of reef environments, coral rubble and seagrass beds (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). It hosts alpheid shrimps in its canals (Ref. 86626). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless

Human uses


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Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Common names
Synonyms
Predators
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Morphology
Larvae
Abundance
References
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | ispecies | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Vulnerability (Ref. 71543)
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)
Price category (Ref. 80766)
Unknown