Demospongiae | Poecilosclerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 2 - 67 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 80.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Thick encrusting: 0.4 - 3 cm, or massive to large vases: up to 80 cm wide and high. Brown-red in color externally, tan internally. Surface varies from smooth and porous, to corrugated and micro hispid, somewhat velvety. Oscules dispersed: 0.3 - 0.6 cm wide. Firm but fragile (Ref. 415).
On reef environments, usually under 5 m deep (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 23.6 - 28, mean 27 (based on 210 cells).
Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100)