Ascidiacea | Stolidobranchia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 710 - 800 m (Ref. 1662). Tropical
Western Pacific: New Caledonia and New Zealand. Tropical to temperate.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 1.5 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 1662)
Maximum depth from Ref. 102688.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Sanamyan, K.E. and N.P. Sanamyan. 1999. (Ref. 1662)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).