Bivalvia | Mytilida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 5 - 280 m (Ref. 95810). Boreal; 85°N - 15°N, 115°E - 61°E
Arctic, northern Atlantic and Pacific. Boreal to polar.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95344)
Suspension feeder (Refs. 3477, 118257). Also found on fine and medium grain sized sand mixed with gravel and shell debris (Ref. 118257). Aggregates into mussel "mats" by binding gravel and rocks (Ref. 95344).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Harvey-Clark, C. 1997. (Ref. 7726)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.08).
): 0.9 - 11.9, mean 7.3 (based on 1243 cells).
High vulnerability (60 of 100).