Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 114693). Tropical, preferred 15°C (Ref. 107945); 5°S - 43°S, 81°W - 70°W (Ref. 114682)
Southern Pacific: From Sechura, Peru to Chiloé, Chile. Tropical and subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 7.0 cm ShL male/unsexed; (Ref. )
Lives in the swash zone of exposed high-energy intermediate and dissipative sandy beaches. Usually burrows to a depth of around 10 cm, but can reach 25 cm if disturbed. Adults are mainly restricted to the surf zone while most of the juveniles to the swash zone (Ref. 106909). Intertidal to subtidal (Ref. 113820).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Fisheries: landings | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates of some properties based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=1.13).
): 11.8 - 21.9, mean 17.4 (based on 30 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).