Bivalvia | Venerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 356), usually 0 - 20 m (Ref. 75831). Tropical; 41°N - 27°S, 32°E - 143°E
Indo-West Pacific: from East Africa to the Philippines; north to Japan and south to Indonesia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.3 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 126241); common length : 6.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
SAUP Database. 2006. (Ref. 356)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.47).
): 24.2 - 29.2, mean 28.2 (based on 1468 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).