Bivalvia | Ostreida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 15 m (Ref. 348). Subtropical; 15°C - 30°C (Ref. 76803), preferred 13°C (Ref. 107945); 48°N - 30°N, 126°E - 148°E
Northwest Pacific. Introduced in the Pacific, Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 45.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 15.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
A major commercial species. Introduced for aquaculture in many countries. However experimental plantings in tropical western Pacific Islands often failed, apparently because of the sustained high temperature of the water (Ref. 348).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
FAO - Aquaculture: production, species profile; Fisheries: landings, species profile | FishSource | Sea Around Us
Estimates based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.01-2.69).
): 7.4 - 22.6, mean 16 (based on 334 cells).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100).
Nutrients: Calcium = 149 [71, 228] mg/100g; Iron = 8.53 [1.95, 15.11] mg/100g; Protein = 9.88 [8.64, 11.12] %; Omega3 = 0.313 [0.202, 0.423] g/100g; Selenium = 61 [50, 72] μg/100g; VitaminA = 0 μg/100g; Zinc = 2.04 [0.56, 3.51] mg/100g (wet weight).