Holothuria forskali   Chiaje, 1823

Black sea cucumber

Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2050
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Holothuria forskali  AquaMaps  Data sources: GBIF OBIS
Upload your photos 
| All pictures | Google image |
Image of Holothuria forskali (Black sea cucumber)
Holothuria forskali

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | CoL | ITIS | WoRMS

Holothuroidea | Holothuriida | Holothuriidae

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Benthic; depth range 1 - 125 m (Ref. 85345).  Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Introductions

Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea.

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 358)

Short description Morphology

Maximum size: 25 cm. Body: with more or less round cross section; ventral face with 3 lines with parapodes with suction cup. Tegument: more fragile constellated with multiple papillae. Color: Brown; papillae, in a variable number, being of beige or white color, at always brown end. The animal is equipped with tubes of Vat which it expels with the least stimulus (Ref. 358).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Maximum size: 25 cm. Species presents at all depths. In the event of stimulus by contact, defends itself by expelling its tubes of Vat. Very adherent, they discourage frequently inclinations of the possible attackers or predatory. When the stimulus persist, the animal can go until excreting the whole of its digestive tract. The tubes of Vat and the bodies assigned to digestion are regenerated in the span of a few weeks if the conditions are favorable (Ref. 358). habitat: Hard funds of primary education types and secondary, more rarely in herbarium; very commune in the Mediterranean basin. Nourishes various organic fragments, (charging) literally the elements of the ground in its oral opening; located at the back of the body, using its tentacles oral of flattened form. The animal sorts and introduces the edible organic substances, and rejects the elements not metabolized, particularly sand, in the form of lengthened excrements (Ref. 358).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Members of the class Holothuroidea are gonochoric and have only one gonad. Spawning and fertilization are both external and some exhibit brooding. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (auricularia) then into doliolaria (barrel-shaped stage) which later metamorphose into juvenile sea cucumbers.

Main reference References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Göthel, H. 1992. (Ref. 358)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 130435)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 20 May 2010

CITES status (Ref. 108899)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

Human uses

| FishSource |


More information

FAO areas
Food items
Common names
Egg development
Mass conversion

Internet sources

BHL | BOLD Systems | CISTI | DiscoverLife | FAO(Publication : search) | Fishipedia | GenBank (genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Gomexsi | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | PubMed | Tree of Life | Wikipedia (Go, Search) | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 14.1 - 21, mean 17.9 (based on 180 cells).
Vulnerability (Ref. 71543): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Price category (Ref. 80766): Unknown.