Demospongiae | Haplosclerida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; brackish; depth range 0 - 12 m (Ref. 108813). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Caribbean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 15.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 415)
Massive to lobate sponge, typically 10 - 15 cm in diameter, from which thick-walled oscular chimneys arise; 3 - 5 cm high. Oscules: 0.5 - 2 cm in diameter. Surface smooth. Consistency elastic compressible but easily torn; pronounced mucus strands appear when fragments are torn apart (Ref. 415).
In Bocas del Torro, Panama: found only on the top of the peat bank (Ref. 415). Also found in mangroves (Ref. 86836). Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Demospongiae are hermaphroditic. Life cycle: The zygote develops into parenchymella larva (free-swimming) before settling down on a substrate where it grows into a young sponge.
Collin, R., M.C. Díaz, J. Norenburg, R.M. Rocha, J.A. Sánchez, M. Schulze, A. Schwartz and A. Valdés. 2005. (Ref. 415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 26.1 - 28.4, mean 27.1 (based on 225 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)