Hydrozoa | Limnomedusae
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
North Atlantic and North Pacific: Asia outside western Palearctic.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 2.5 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 2376)
Form circalittoral rocks and other hard substrata (Ref. 1314). Medusae in the Russian Far-east are extremely venomous compared to those from the northwest Pacific; in the west coast, they are found in summer attached to eel grass Ulva or laminarian algae; feed on copepods (Ref. 2376). Species listed only in medusoid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 18).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Species listed only in medusoid stage (Ref. 1663, p. 18).
Cairns, S.D., D.R. Calder, A. Brinckmann-Voss, C.B. Castro, D.G. Fautin, P.R. Pugh, C.E. Mills, W.C. Jaap, M.N. Arai, S.H.D. Haddock and D.M. Opresko. 2003. (Ref. 1663)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 5.5 - 9.5, mean 8 (based on 37 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)