Appendicularia | Copelata
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Pelagic; depth range 0 - 167 m (Ref. 3475). Tropical; 23°C - 30°C (Ref. 1134)
Circumglobal in warm water: South Equatorial Stream.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1610)
Marine, planktonic (Ref. 1134). It is found exclusively on oceanic waters; however in other regions there is preferential distribution in neritic waters and oceanic warm zones (Ref. 3528). Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Appendicularia are protandrous hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Eggs develop into hatchlings (feeding juveniles) before turning into adults.
Kott, P. 2005. (Ref. 1134)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 11.5 - 29, mean 26.2 (based on 4556 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)