Aves | Ciconiiformes
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Others; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 119695). Tropical; 12°N - 12°S, 91°E - 123°E (Ref. 119694)
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 8812); max. published weight: 1.6 kg (Ref. 356)
Total Length: 89 to 100 cm; Wingspan: 206 to 230 cm (Ref. 8812). Minimum and maximum depth ranges are based on feeding behavior of dipper types of seabirds (Ref. 119695). This is to be replaced with better references. Surface feeding; scavenging; kleptoparasitism; oceanic; warm, low-salinity waters of the south Equatorial Current (Ref. 356).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Li, X. 1990. (Ref. 78638)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 9.1 - 20.3, mean 11.8 (based on 122 cells).
High vulnerability (60 of 100)