Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 0 - 81 m (Ref. 104607), usually 0 - 20 m (Ref. 75831). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: from East Africa, to eastern Polynesia; north to southern Japan and south to Queensland.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 3.0 cm SHH male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Commonly collected in many areas, mainly for decorative purposes. Found in intertidal (Ref. 75831), littoral and sublittoral areas with open coral reef and sandy mixed, and seagrass bottoms (Ref. 104607).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 24.4 - 29, mean 28 (based on 1118 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).