Echinoidea | Spatangoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 230 m (Ref. 85345). Subtropical; 72°N - 41°S, 32°W - 179°E
Indo-West Pacific, Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 6.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 7882)
Species' maximum size from the North Sea off Belgium (Ref. 7882).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Echinoidea are gonochoric. Fertilization is external. Brooding is common, eggs are held either on the peristome, around the periproct or deep into the concavities on the petaloids. Life cycle: Embryos develop into planktotrophic larvae (echinoplateus) and live for several months before they sink to the bottom using their tube feet to adhere on the ground where they metamorphose into young urchins.
Gaspar, M.B., M.N. Santos, F. Leitão, L. Chícharo, A. Chícharo and C.C. Monteiro. 2003. (Ref. 2703)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 7 - 14.4, mean 9.8 (based on 654 cells).