Bivalvia | Cardiida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; brackish; depth range 0 - 20 m (Ref. 105964). Subtropical; 72°N - 16°N, 29°W - 37°E
Eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 4.0 cm SHL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7882)
Species' maximum length, and shell height of up to 1.6 cm, from the Belgian part of the North Sea Ref. 7882). Depth based on occurrence (Ref. 2851, p. 719); to be replaced with better reference.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Alves, F., L. Chicharo, A. Nogueira and J. Regala. 2003. (Ref. 2851)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.61-1.32).
): 9.6 - 16.1, mean 11.5 (based on 333 cells).
Low vulnerability (14 of 100).