Anthozoa | Scleractinia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Reef-associated; depth range 15 - 25 m (Ref. 8294). Tropical; 29°N - 34°S, 26°E - 108°W (Ref. 848)
Indo-Pacific: From Red Sea and southern Africa east to Easter Island, north to Ryukyu, south to Australia. Tropical to subtropical.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Colony: massive, usually small. Corallites: crowded, circular. Septa: thickened, exsert or ragged, with large teeth near the wall. Well developed paliform lobes forming a crown around the columella. Color: often brown or gray or mottled, with walls and calices of contrasting color (Ref. 848).
Depth based from occurrence (Ref. 8294); to be replaced with a better reference.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hermaphroditic (Ref. 113712). Mature gametes are shed into the coelenteron and spawned through the mouth. Life cycle: The zygote develops into a planktonic planula larva. Metamorphosis begins with early morphogenesis of tentacles, septa and pharynx before larval settlement on the aboral end (Ref. 833).
Ross, M.A. and G. Hodgson. 1981. (Ref. 8294)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 24.7 - 29, mean 28.2 (based on 240 cells).