Ascidiacea | Aplousobranchia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 0 - 5000 m (Ref. 3435). Subtropical
Southern Atlantic, Indo-Pacific and the Antarctic: From Antarctica and Tristan da Cunha to sub-Antarctic islands, Australia, New Zealand and South America.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Maximum depth from Ref. 2892.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Primo, C. and E. Vazquez. 2004. (Ref. 1756)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 0.1 - 4.6, mean 1.4 (based on 1688 cells).