Ascidiacea | Aplousobranchia
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Sessile; depth range 1 - 368 m (Ref. 108086). Tropical
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 0.5 cm COLD male/unsexed; (Ref. 1678)
Assumed maximum colony thickness from Ref. 1678.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Ascidiacea are hermaphroditic; both cross- and self-fertilization is typical. Life cycle: Eggs develop into lecithotrophic larva before metamorphosing into benthic adults.
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum. 2000. (Ref. 1601)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates based on models
): 8.6 - 27.6, mean 19.4 (based on 2359 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100).