Bivalvia | Arcoida
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Benthic; depth range 5 - 252 m (Ref. 348), usually 15 - 150 m (Ref. 348). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: from northwest Indian Ocean, to Papua New Guinea and Loyalty Islands; north to Japan and south to southern New South Wales.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348); common length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 348)
Shell relatively thin but solid, inflated, inequilateral, roughly quadrate to subtrigonal in shape, with a rounded umbono-ventral keel and an obliquely truncated posterior margin; slightly inequivalve, left valve somewhat projecting beyond right along posterior and ventral margins. Umbones subcentral, prominent, on top of a well-developed trigonal cardinal area which is engraved by oblique, chevron-shaped grooves and covered with a black external ligament. Outer sculpture of numerous radial riblets and concentric threads forming a fine reticulation. Periostracum conspicuous, velvety. Hinge elongate, straightish dorsally and weakly arched ventrally, bearing a series of transverse, diverging outward teeth, and rather long, subhorizontal teeth at both ends, at least in adults. Interior of shell porcelaneous. Two subequal adductor muscle scars; inner margin of posterior scar on a projecting shelf. Pallial line without a sinus. Internal margins with a fine crenulation becoming obsolete in old individuals. Colour: outside of shell purple tan, with a yellowish periostracum. Inner side white, more or less strongly tinged with dark reddish brown posteriorly.
On sandy to muddy bottoms offshore (Ref. 348). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam.
Poutiers, J.M. 1998. (Ref. 348)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES status (Ref. 108899)
Threat to humans
| FishSource |
Estimates of some properties based on models
): 20.7 - 29, mean 27.7 (based on 3394 cells).
Low vulnerability (10 of 100)